Restoration and Conservation of Hadejia- Nguru Wetland in Nigeria

Restoration and Conservation of Hadejia- Nguru Wetland in Nigeria

By Sufyan Binyamin

Hadejia-Nguru Wetland is an extensive floodplain in Northeastern Nigeria formed by Hadejia and Jama’are rivers covering an area of over 2,000km2. The wetland is a vital ecosystem spanning the states of Jigawa, Yobe and Barnu.

It serves as a major source of livelihood for over 1,000,000 people living in the surrounding communities through activities like farming, fishing and grazing. Additionally, the wetland provides a habitat for diverse wildlife and migratory birds from Europe and Asia.

In recent decades, the Hadejia- Nguru wetland has faced increased environmental pressure and degradation. Some of the key problems include water scarcity and drought. The construction of dams like the Tiga dam alongside climate change has also led to reduced flooding of the wetland.

Sufyan from the Department of Botany and Plant Science Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria, explores the threats and possible solutions to restore and conserve this vital ecosystem.

This story was produced as part of the University Science Communication Competition for Africa 2023.

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