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Climate change is a real threat to humanity, and we deal with its impacts in our daily life without even noticing. It affects the food we eat and its price by making rainfall patterns unpredictable and bringing more intense rainstorms which damage the crops and makes it difficult to maintain the specific conditions crops need to thrive. Climate change is also the main reason for the displacement of hundreds of thousands of people every year due to extreme weather events. In august 2013 there were heavy rains in many parts of Sudan, which resulted in floods that hit 14 states where more than 250,000 homes were destroyed and over 300,000 people were affected either by losing their homes, their workplace or their families. Flood victims were forced to leave their homes and stay in temporary shelters in camps that lack basic life necessities. Children stopped going to school because their schools were also destroyed. Unfortunately, till now some of these people are still living in temporary shelters; the floods swept away what little they had, took them back to nothing and destroyed their stability and ability to flourish.
The world has been trying to reach agreements to reduce greenhouse gases emissions. What stands in the way of the success of these agreements is the absolute necessity to cut the emission of carbon dioxide and other gases. Thus signatory countries need to lower their fossil fuels production and consumption and depend more on clean and renewable energy. The reality is that the economics of some countries depend entirely on fossil fuel industries, which means they will be negatively impacted more than less-dependent countries. Historically speaking, developed countries are responsible for 79% of the historical carbon emissions, thus developing countries argue that developed countries need to take the lead in the fight against climate change.
The globe is already being affected by climate change; whether it’s extreme weather conditions or food shortages due to crop failure. The destruction will continue to follow the next generations and each day we delay action means more damage to lives and to the planet. Therefore, it is important for us to take practical actions to manage risks from climate impacts, and to spend more efforts to reduce and prevent the emission of greenhouse gases using new technologies and cleaner energy.